Term paper school

Publicado em Agosto 2017

In the end, write a conclusion which will be as précised as possible. The primary purpose of the teaching and learning process is to bring about in the learner desirable change in behaviour through critical thinking. Stoner, J. Give a call to our Customer Support hotline and a helpful support operator will reply to all your imminent concerns regarding writing and billing services available. The physical environment of a school is a major determining factor in the attainment of its objectives. Iii. G. Lagos Macmillian Nigerian Publishers. C. These facilities were provided when the student population in the school was reasonably low when compared to the population of the same school presently using the same facilities. Maintaining the new buildings, renovating and modernizing the old ones require considerable expertise and commitment of human and material resources. Changes in weather conditions and lack of maintenance culture are responsible for the aging and deterioration of school buildings, grounds and equipment. (2002). All in all, this move pays off with the following benefits: In addition, the price plays an important part in the issue too. This situation arises because the Federal, State and Local Governments have failed to establish policy directives on minimum standards in relation to school facilities. Renovation and modernization of old and dilapidated buildings should be carried out to ensure that facilities for team planning areas, office space, clerical space, workrooms, professional development libraries, faculty dinning area, storage space, students conference areas, guidance services area for large group instruction, spaces for instructional media, library resource centers, science facilities, arts and music studios, individual study area and physical education facilities. According to Propst (1972, p. New York: John Wiley and Sons. This process does not take place in a vacuum but rather in an environment structured to facilitate learning. This term paper school will eliminate the burden of duplication of such facilities as conference halls, gymnasium, library, theatre and sporting facilities. And Alexander , W. The quality of the products bears a direct relationship with the quality of the facilities deployed in the process of the production. This involves among other things, collective decision making in relation to selection of site for establishment of new schools, design and construction of new school plants including grounds, renovation and modernization of old plants, provision of equipment for academic and non-academic activities, maintenance of all facilities and review of management practices and processes. Such integrated effort is cost effective and brings the community closer to the school. He further stated that technological environment consists of such fabricated objects as buildings, vehicles, processed foods, clothing, machines, ships, and laboratories. ) U. The educational system should prepare individuals for life in a constantly changing world. P. Ogunsaju, S. In the absence of policy, facility management is left to the whims and caprices of the managers. F. St Nwagwu, N. When new buildings are constructed and taken over by the appropriate authorities, practically no attention is paid to the maintenance of such buildings. This will improve the quality of teaching and learning. The school plant is a major component of the school facility. , Freeman, R. Through appropriate scheduling multipurpose facilities may be accessible to the community during school hours. Nwagwu (1978) and Ogunsaju (1980) maintained that the quality of education that children receive bears direct relevance to the availability or lack thereof of physical facilities and overall atmosphere in which learning takes place. It is usually an integral part of the management practice in societies where maintenance culture is well established. A plan for facilities management must be an integral part of the overall Federal, State and Local Government educational master plan. They are used in the classrooms, laboratories, offices, workshops, cafeteria, toilets, laundry, library and for sports etc. The school facilities consist of all types of buildings for academic and non-academic activities, equipment for academic and non- academic activities, areas for sports and games, landscape, farms and gardens including trees, roads and paths. Facilities should be established such that they will serve new functions in future. While some others have well equipped laboratories, workshops, libraries and other facilities for effective teaching and learning, others have none, and where they exist, such facilities are poorly equipped. Predictive Maintenance The most fundamental problem in facilities management is lack of policy guidelines for infrastructural development in schools. On the other hand the State Government ensures the actual implementation of the National Policy on Education by providing the enabling environment for effective teaching and learning. Facilities are materials designed to serve specific purposes. It has the advantage of improving administrative efficiency and overall quality of the teaching and learning process. (1978). This will improve the quality of teaching and learning. Teachers need office space, conference rooms for team planning, facilities for diagnosis of pupil’s needs, and facilities for preparing instructional presentation. Stoner, Freeman and Gilbert (1996) described the environment of an organization as all elements relevant to its operation and they include direct and indirect action elements. ) Technology and Change. According to the Educational Facilities Laboratories (1955) the following principles if applied would reduce cost of facilities management. Simpson and Anderson (1981, p. It is carried out by assessing buildings, grounds and equipment, documenting the findings and recommending service options to increase efficiency, reduce waste and save money. Some take it easy and wait until the night before its due date, when it will come they compose their high school term paper, haphazardly. Planning cannot meaningfully be carried out without accurate information, which should be collected through facility audit. This demands that state of the art facilities are provided in schools to prepare school leavers for life in the global village. It appraises and notifies, surprises and stimulates, reduces uncertainty, reveals additional alternatives or helps eliminate irrelevant or poor ones, and influences individuals and stimulates them to action. For these to be achieved Regnier (1980), “advocates team efforts of facilities planners and capital budget analysts, administrators, academic staff, fiscal and institutional research personnel”. Rates per page vary from service to service, but the medium price range is quite valuable. Science, Students, and Schools: A guide for the Middle and Secondary School Teachers. Iv. Measuring actual life versus expected life) The following information should be collected when a facility audit is being carried out: Brand name, model number, serial number The school heads and the teachers are constantly involved in decision making, planning, organizing, communicating, influencing, coordinating, and evaluating. A. New Delhi: Prentice Hall 21 Century School Fund (2005). And Miller, E. Up to date information about the facility is required to serve as a guide for the maintenance team. Facility management plan should therefore give meaning to the educational philosophy. (1972). The Commonwealth Secretariat (1991) stipulates that the phrase Information Technology is used to encompass a range of new technologies and their application, including all aspects of the use of computers, microelectronic devices, satellite, and communication technology. I. Columbus, Ohio. The International Facilities Management Association (2002) described facilities management as the practice of co-ordination of the physical workplace with the people and the work of the organization; it integrates the principles of business administration, architecture and the behavioural and engineering sciences. B. D. Keeping this in mind, you can buy term papers pre-written and available for sale whenever there’s a need for it. Babu, Singh and Sachdeva (1997) defined information as data that have been put into a meaningful and useful context and communicated to recipient who uses it to make decisions. Facilities may be serviced monthly, quarterly or even annually depending on the agreed schedule. According to the Planning Guide for Maintaining School Facilities effective school facility maintenance plan can: Contribute to an organization’s instructional effectiveness and financial well- being Improve the cleanliness, orderliness, and safety of an educational organization’s facilities. Facility maintenance entails providing clean and safe environment for teaching and learning. Knezevich (`1975) described it as “the space interpretation of the school curriculum”. A discussion of the school plant starts with the conceptualization of the educational programmes to be offered in the school. It also includes budget priorities for facilities management. According to the 21 Century School Fund (2005) policy st agenda should entail increase in public participation in facilities planning, create and support schools as centers of community that offer school-based support to children to eliminate barrier to success and serve the broader community, improve facilities management including maintenance and improvement programme and secure adequate and equitable facilities funding. These are preventive, routine, emergency repairs, and predictive maintenance. It provides information on the status of school facilities. School managers should carry out comprehensive assessment of the facilities to determine areas of need. Writing the term paper will be the easiest now, write the introduction of your high school term paper which is simple, effective and comprehensive. Students need places to transact student affairs or to gather for social purposes. R (1996). Vernon (2001) stated that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a collective term covering all those technologies, both hardware and software, dedicated to the capture, storage, processing, transmission, and presentation of information. His emotional needs are met by creating pleasant surrounding, a friendly atmosphere, and an inspiring environment. According to them, information involves the communication and reception of intelligence or knowledge. (1967). Schools are formal organizations, and all activities including facilities management should be in line with laid down rules and regulations derived from overall policy guidelines. Lyden, F. There’re times your budget is too tight for getting yet another customized paper. Concept, Nature and Types of School Facilities Schools exist for the purpose of teaching and learning. F. London: Macmillan. The issue of facility maintenance is haphazardly addressed at all levels of the educational system. These goals and objectives should be comprehensive enough to cover all aspects of the educational programme and also make adequate room for flexibility to allow for specific individual and group needs. School facilities, constitute the major components of both direct and indirect action elements in the environment of learning. For example, research findings have shown that students learn better when a combination of methods and materials are employed during teaching. Multipurpose facilities used for academic activities during school hours, may be available term paper school for community use during or after school hours. This paper describes the concept, nature, types of school facilities, need for facilities in schools and facility management problems. Organizational Change, Representations and Facilities. San Francisco: Boyd & Fraser Publishing Co. The realization that the transfer of knowledge does not only take place in the four walls of the classroom from the teacher to the students but rather that learning takes place through discovery, exploration, interaction with the internal and external environment has necessitated the creative and innovative development of teaching and learning facilities that reflect these changes. It takes place when a facility breaks down and urgent measures or steps had to be taken to remedy the situation. They receive inputs from the external environment in the form of human and material resources, processes them and empty same into the society as finished products and services. Council of Educational Facilities Planners (1955). For example, if “united” was written by typo error, but “untied” was meant, the computer can’t pick it up. 0 CONCLUSION School facilities give meaning to the teaching and leaning process. (1979). New views of the teaching-learning process that move beyond memorizing of knowledge toward involvement of students in applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating knowledge stress the need for flexibility of space in the schools. The technological environment has direct impact on the management of the schools. The school manager therefore term papers on police brutality is not left out in this problem. Introduction to Secondary Education. Several studies have shown that a close relationship exists between the physical environment and the academic performance of students. Broadened educational goals and objectives as a result of changes in socio-economic development have necessitated the involvement of several minds in the facilities management process. These facilities play pivotal role in the actualization of the educational goals and objectives by satisfying the physical and emotional needs of the staff and students of the school. School term paper school managers should proactively develop and implement facilities management plan for addressing facility needs. It is also expensive because due to lack of maintenance, the extent of damage may demand total replacement of the facility or high cost of repair. Furniture are also available in the classrooms, offices, cafeteria, laboratories and workshops, outdoor, residential halls, common rooms, and those designed for the physically challenged. Technology as Environment in Burk, J. Is your assignment urgent, too mind-wrecking or impossible to complete? 139) defined equipment as “items that last a minimum number of years or cost more than a certain amount” and supplies as items such as microscope slides, glass tubing, and cotton swabs, that are quickly consumed and that are usually less expensive than equipment items”. School facilities are the material resources provided for staff and students to optimize their productivity in the teaching and learning process. In carrying out these duties they work in collaboration with the ministry of education, school board, parents and guardians, and in fact all other stakeholders in the internal and external environment. Recheck your high school term paper for any type of grammar or typing mistakes. Brooks, A. This requires an integrated effort of all stakeholders who possess the expertise needed for accurate and up-to-date assessment of all aspects of school facilities. Then, write body paragraphs in which you should add all of your researched information in sequence. Management processes, which involve planning, organizing, decision making, leading, coordinating and controlling are applied in facilities management. Facilities management is an integral part of the overall management of the school. They are used; The responsibility of management of facilities requires collective efforts. Chicago: Markham Publishing Company. Consequently, they fail to integrate facility maintenance into the management of the school. The educational system has undergone tremendous changes in the form of its philosophy, broadened goals and objectives, new approaches to service delivery and architectural design, quantum leap in school enrolment, multiplicity of curricula programmes and extra-curricula activities, introduction of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and expanded academic support services such as guidance services to students, teachers and the community, integration of the school and community. A reference manual. Reduce the operational costs and life cycle cost of a building Help staff deal with limited resources by identifying facilities priorities proactively rather than reactively Extend the useful life of buildings Planning, as in all management processes is the first logical step in facilities management. , Jaworski, I. (1980): Some Aspects of School Management Ibadan: Porpst, R. Ogburn, W. The actualization of the goals and objectives of education require the provision, maximum utilization and appropriate management of the facilities. Recommended Policies for Public School Facilities: st Public School Facilities Management Policies. Policies should direct the actions of the school managers. Some start without researching and have jumbled ideas, which are difficult to write in a sequential way. Others include furniture and toilet facilities, lighting, acoustics, storage facilities and packing lot, security, transportation, ICT, cleaning materials, food services, and special facilities for the physically challenged persons. A. (1975), Administration of Public Education. M. New York: Educational Facilities Laboratories. Eliminating waste space, especially in corridors, boiler rooms, and other non- instructional areas Using out-of-doors areas where possible School managers lack qualitative and quantitative information on facilities. Preventive maintenance saves cost and time. School managers and teachers who constantly use school facilities lack knowledge of facilities maintenance planning. It therefore becomes imperative that the different levels of government should address the issue of development and implementation of minimum standards for facilities development and management. The application of the research paper business software requires that the school managers should be exposed to necessary in-service training to enable them make maximum use of the softwares. In Facilities Management: Innovation and Performance. Emergency Repairs essay of father This is very common in the management of school facilities in societies where maintenance culture is not well established. Selecting the best architect and professional advice before buying a site. (1990). Whether you're starting term paper school your college career, returning to college to change careers, or looking for classes to enrich your life, Kirtland Community College is the place for you. The resultant effect of all these changes is the need for creative and innovative steps in the management of school facilities. (1981). A direct relationship exists between the quality of school facilities provided and the quality of the products of the school. 107) useful types of resources to be contacted by the planners and the management team are acoustical design engineering, audiovisual design engineering, behavioural sciences, building systems design, community and press relations, ecological studies, electronic data processing of hardware specifications, electronic data processing for programme development, use of facilities training and financial planning. Chicago: Rand McNally and Co. Taylor Francis. Dror, Y. New York: Harper and Row National term paper school Centre for Educational Research (2003). In the school system, there are multiplicity of facilities, which facilitate teaching and learning. Modern facilities are designed for diverse academic and social activities. He further stated that since teaching and learning does not take place in a vacuum, school facilities give meaning to the planned curricula and extra-curricula activities. K: Blackwell Publishing Commonwealth Secretariat, (1991). 0 FACILITIES MAINTENANCE . It is a well articulated conceptualization of the educational philosophy, goals, objectives and specification for short and long term objectives including implementation of the planned curricula and extra-curricula activities. This implies that facilities management is a collective responsibility of the federal, state, local government authorities, staff and students of the individual schools and the community where the school is located. Preventive maintenance This is a type of maintenance carried out on school facilities to avoid breakdown and ensure optimal performance of the facility. A second step is the development of broad educational goals and specific objectives. (eds). Alexander , K. I. The equipment may be fixed or movable and they serve various purposes in the educational system. The Federal Government through the Federal Ministry of Education provides the policies that guide the educational system and also oversees the implementation of these policies at the State level. Fenker, M. In some cases, the breakdown may cause injury or even death to staff and or students of the school. “computers in Third World Schools”. J. In some schools, there are inadequate classrooms, staff offices, laboratories and workshops, libraries, study areas while in some, these facilities are adequately provided. 5. E. Furthermore, advances in science and technology, necessitate that the school manager should adopt modern methods of facilities management. A. The Planning Process: A Facet Design In Planning, Programming and Budgeting: A System, Approach to Management. Term papers for sale are a niche writing service offered by professional academia ghostwriters online. Now, start writing. Such facilities may be used for continuing education programmes, social activities and recreation. Total Facilities Management U. Available facilities in most schools may well be regarded as obsolete in terms of quality and quantity. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities also include among others soft wares on classroom management, facility management, inventory control, maintenance management, online procurement, food services and general management. Thirteen Principles of Economy in School Plant Planning and Construction. Some equipment perform specific functions while others such as computers perform multiplicity of functions. A facilities management plan starts with the educational philosophy that serves the needs of the individual in a dynamic and knowledge based economy. They listed relevance, timeliness, accuracy, cost effectiveness, reliability, usability, exhaustiveness and level of aggregation as characteristics of good information. Several school buildings that are over fifty years old have never undergo renovation or any form of modernization in spite of the changes in the educational system. Hawkridge, D. However, it is necessary for the manager to look for alternative means of sourcing for funds within and outside the community. Sooner or later “term papers” come across to every high school student’s life. Some buildings are over fifty years and therefore require modern facilities for teaching and learning. G. In this regard, collective decision-making may not be possible because there may be limited time to bring together all the necessary individuals to make decisions. The actualization of the goals and objectives of education require the provision, maximum utilization and appropriate management of the facilities. Just give us a call and quality term paper help will be yours to benefit from. Washington, D. Microcomputer in Schools: Policy and Implementation guidelines, London: Commonwealth Secretariat, Educational Programme. Ii. (eds. According to the Planning Guide for Maintaining School Facilities (2003) facility audit is a comprehensive inventory of a school’s facilities that provides a standard method for establishing baseline information about the components, policies and procedures of a new or existing facility. Schools facilities management requires intermixture of experts in different areas as stated earlier. The resultant effect may be high insurance premium or prevent the use of the facility for teaching and learning until repair had been effected. (ed. School managers comply with these guides to avoid breakdown of the equipment. Pre-written in advance, based on topics and subjects most demanded at custom term paper sites these type of academic content in the golden middle between getting free papers online and re-writing them, and ordering 100% authentic essays and compositions tailored from scratch. Decisions on preventive maintenance are collectively made and implemented. It requires expert input from a wide range of stakeholders. Simpson, R. And Eakin M. C. Data collected and analyzed should form the bases for facilities management decision making. To solve the problem, you might normally opt for a work for sale, download it and work on content quality yourself. Primary School Administration. Government subvention and funds from all forms of fees and levies are usually inadequate. This type of maintenance should be adopted in the facility maintenance plan. Repairs take place only when problems arise due to break down of the existing facility. Manufacturers guide provide information on the nature and maintenance intervals. Routine maintenance This is carried out periodically as scheduled by the school managers. G. Sergiovanni, Burlingame, Coombs and Thurston (1980) defined research paper on consumer behavior policy as “authoritative communication of expected behaviour for individuals in certain positions under specific conditions”. (2004). Others include food service planning, graphic design, health care planning, information management, installation supervision, interior design, laboratory planning and engineering, lighting design, management consulting, project planning, safety engineering, site planning, technical equipment specialization, and urban planning. There is boon of the word processor today, which most of the students avail, but for faultlessness material should be physically proofread. Unruh (1974) emphasized that both teachers and students need places to search, read, write, confer, interact, view, listen, think, experiment, and record. 21 Century School Fund Washington, D. The nature and types of the educational programme will determine the nature and types of the school plant to be provided. According to the guide, facility audits are important because they: help planners, managers, and staff know what is available, its condition, service history, maintenance needs and location provide facts not guess work, to inform plans for maintaining and improving school facilities establish a baseline for measuring facilities maintenance progress allow in dept analysis of product life cycles to occur on a routine basis (i. , and Gilbert, D. Furthermore, advances in science and technology, necessitate that the school manager should adopt modern methods of facilities management. This type of assessment will assist in policy formulation as it relates to facility management in schools. An aspect of school management that is generally overlooked is facilities maintenance. Now you know a truly reliable and answerable site to fill in an order for on a new done-from-scratch paper or purchase an essay, composition or report for sale in a jiffy. While some classes hold under trees and students are exposed to harsh weather conditions, others hold in air conditioned classrooms. Fenker (2004) stated that facilities management is a process that ensures that buildings and other technical systems support the operations of an organization. The complexity of the learning environment requires flexibility in the design of the school plant. These managerial processes are carried out in the areas of academic programmes and activities, construction and maintenance of physical facilities, staff and student personnel services, special services, and public relations. He emphasized that the curriculum finds its physical expression in construction and arrangement of the school plant, which is a controlled environment that facilitates the teaching and learning process and also protects the physical diwali festival essay in marathi well being of the occupants. Since the school is a formal organization, there is need for accurate, timely, sufficient and relevant information, which are kept in the form of records and they provide information on the past, present, and anticipated future activities of the school. Some of these facilities are architecturally obsolete and therefore cannot contribute to functional education. The supplies are the accessories fo r operation of various equipment. Sometimes, spell-check software is unable to pick up misspelled words because they can coincide with other words in English. At this point, the writing process will be similar to a cookbook recipe in which you have to follow the steps, one by one. Need for Facilities in Schools . Knezevich (1975) emphasized that the physical needs are met through provision of safe structure, adequate sanitary facilities, a balanced visual environment, appropriate thermal environment, and sufficient shelter space for his work and play. It recommended that school managers should carry out comprehensive assessment of the facilities to determine areas of need. Knezevich, S. Furthermore, emphasis has shifted towards giving individual attention to students as against teaching large classes which presupposes that all students in a class have the ability to learn at the same pace. K. Facility maintenance is an issue that concerns all levels of the educational system ranging from the pre- kindergarten to the tertiary levels. School facilities management is the application of scientific methods in the planning, organizing, decision-making, co-ordination and controlling of the physical environment of learning for the actualization of the educational goals and objectives. Finance Adequate fund is always a problem for managers in all organizations. And Atkin, B. It also suggested methodologies for facilities management and concluded that school facilities give meaning to the teaching and learning process. This demands that the school manager should posses ­­­the necessary human relations skills to assemble and utilize the relevant individuals within and outside the school for efficient facilities management. Qualitative data involves room configuration, ventilation systems, windows, lighting, access to support facilities, condition of furniture, space for equipment including specific discipline related requirements. Quantitative data involves nature and condition of existing facilities, nature of present use and possible future use. In facilities planning, Caudill, (1954), emphasized that, “more specific terms like expansible space that can allow for ordered growth, convertible space that can be economically adopted to programme changes, versatile that serves many functional and malleable space that can be changed at once and at will should be used”. Collaborative efforts bring into facilities management new ideas and perspectives. 7. Facilities management is therefore an integral part of the overall management of the school. E. New York: Holt, Rindehart and Winston. The High School: The Process and the Place. Schools exist to serve socio-economic and political needs of the ever-changing society, consequently, they are in constant interaction with their external environment. (1964). Extension. May 2005. Recommended Policies for Public School Facilities, section 3: Public school Facilities Management Policies. According to Ogburn (1979) technology is application of scientific discovery and the material products to technology. It also involves provision of adequate facilities for teaching and learning. Rollins, S. And McMahon, H. Institute of Educational Statistics. According to Dror (1967) planning is the “process of preparing a set of decisions for action in the future directed at achieving goals by optimal means”. And Unruh, A. Human and material resources are deployed for this purpose. According to the report of the educational facilities laboratories adjectives used to qualify such facilities are rigidity, inaccessible, sterility, formality, isolation, starkness, immobility and permanence. D and Anderson, N. : Unruh,G. Rome: FAO. At the end of the day, certain time will be needed on your behalf, but still not as much as in case of finalizing an assignment yourself. At this time, some of them do endless research which is useless because they do not know how to write a high school term paper. Buy term papers from dedicated writers But, at the end of the day, original custom term papers are costly. Over the years, school managers have emphasized that physical facilities available for academic and non-academic activities are grossly inadequate. School equipments are available in various forms. These facilities no longer satisfy present day needs. C. Management Practices Several individuals occupying managerial positions in schools lack knowledge of management processes, and some who posses the knowledge fail to put them into practical use in the management of the schools. Kirtland Community College, Roscommon, Michigan, offers 38 degrees and certificates including three transfer associate degrees. With quantum leap in school enrolment, increasing number of academic programmes and limited resources, flexibility must be an integral part of the planning process. Management. The implication of the foregoing is that in designing school plant, provision should be made for individual and small group interaction and for large groups for academic and social activities. According to Hawkridge, Jaworski and McMahon (1990) computers are at the heart of the ICT revolution because they are fast information processing term paper school machines, configured to receive input in the form of information, systematically process the input and provide organized information that serves the needs of the user. (1974). Innovations in Secondary Education. This situation is horrible because it looks like students are forced to write a high school term paper. Equipment and supplies are essential for the attainment of educational goals and objectives. This issue is very sensitive and demanding because it bear direct relevance to the funding of education and most importantly to the quality of outputs of the educational system.