Research paper on gun control

Publicado em Agosto 2017

Phyllis Schafly, president of the Eagle Forum, a pro-family organization, states that gun control advocates often “propagate the myth that most of the perpetrators of violence are ordinary citizens rather that criminals by trade. However, where there is a will there is a way and criminals often see no barriers when acquiring a gun despite the numerous laws preventing their ownership. When carrying out a social research, the researcher can choose between qualitative and quantitative approaches. In a study conducted by Killias Martin in 23 nations, it was established that there is a positive relationship between ownership of guns and crimes that are gun related such as homicide and suicide (Killias, 2001). An inference that Seitz makes is that a reduction in the availability of guns in the public will serve to reduce the ammount of homicides. So who is most responsible for the enactment of gun control laws? We as Americans value our rights to freedoms granted to us by our forefathers, which includes the possession of firearms as stated in the Second Amendment. Monroe (2008) cites Seitz (1972) as a perfect example of an empirical research that suffered from the costs of ommitting important variables, the study used the state observations research paper on gun control to conclude that there was a correlation coefficient of 0. Crime and guns. There is no doubt that the black community most heavily feels the effect of guns in this country, firearm deaths are nearly 5 times that of white non-hispanics (Poe). The research was conducted across the state of New Jersey among the local law enforcement personnel and the public. The connection can be easily made between the three. On the other hand, high rates of violent crimes that are gun-related serves to justify the use of more strict gun control policies and laws. Presently, there is no standpoint with regard to the studies that use state data. This means that the nature of the influences is two-fold (Kleck , 2004a). It may be said that if criminals know their victims are unarmed they are less likely to be afraid of committing a criminal act against them. Data collection is a significant requirement for the success of any social research since it determines the success of the research in terms of facilitating the inference of conclusions. They were in a simple format involving Yes or No research paper on gun control multiple-choice questions. The conclusion does not take into consideration the efficiency of the gun control laws in infleuncing the level of guns availability in the public. This implies that it is imperative for the social research to put more emphasis on the findings, coupled with a correlation to the available theoretical frameworks to explain the effectiveness of gun control in restricting availability and ownership of guns. A structured question can be either in form of multiple choices, dichotomous questions or scales. It is extremely important to pay attention to where gun control laws are headed. Research method is determined by the structure of the research question and the research context. The approach for data analysis will consist of mainly univariate data analysis, which examines the distribution of one statistical variable at a time. The problem is eminent and is addressed by dissertation completion funding Earl G. Do guns necessarily lead to crime? ” This is of course the very backbone of the gun control debate and an important reason as to why gun control laws are enacted. The deductive approach was used since the research began by description of concepts such as the variables affecting the effectiveness of gun control, after which it will involve an analysis of empirical evidence. Switzerland, which has essay writing services cheating more per capita firepower than any other country in the world has lower murder and robbery rates than England where guns are essentially banned (Poe). The real debate, for both sides, comes down to who should own a gun and under what restrictions should they be able to possess it? Perhaps one of the laws having the most profound impact recently was the passing of the 1993 Brady Handgun Control Act which is research paper on gun control now in affect in 32 states. Pro-gun advocates see gun control laws as only a way for the government to control its citizens. Primary data sources serves as an effective method of carrying out a research because the information gathered is usually raw and has not been manipulated, this in turn increases the accuracy of the research study (Ruane, 2005). Social research significantly depends on phd student thesis probability; therefore, providing an explanation why a given variable plays a significant role in determining the outcome is vital. In his Supreme Court filings in 2002 Ashcroft wrote that “the Second Amendment more broadly protects the rights of individuals…to possess and bear their own firearms. Antigun advocates would like to attribute this to an increase in gun control laws while pro gun advocates point to a decrease in unemployment rates along with other social factors. Pertinent variables that were ommitted in this studies are the social and economic variables that are bound to affect the the accessibility of guns and their influence on homicide. However, this was not case for the crimes that are committed against men. Real life is different. Most people associate more guns with more violence but this is not always so. But are the two really associated? Jacob (2002) further notes that there is a two-step connection that exists between gun control and the rates of violent crime in a given society, which includes the impact that gun control imposes on the availability of guns and the impacts that availability of guns imposes on the rates of crime committed. Secondly, there is an underlying complexity regarding the variables that determine the effectiveness of gun control laws established at state levels. Here in the US, John Lott author of More Guns, Less Crime explains that “states experiencing the greatest reduction in crime are also the ones with the fastest growing percentages of gun ownership. A precise correlation is difficult to establish because of the changing relationship between gun control and the rates of crime over time. For instance, Halbrook, (2000) infers a conclusion basing on the zero-order correlation that is positive between ownership of firewarns and gun-related violence to conclude that gun control helps in the reduction of rates of violent crimes. ” So who are the gun control laws taking the guns away from? Studies that rely on state data to conclude tha gun control helps in reducing the rates of violent crime are considerd to be significantly inconsistent. One of the great debates in gun control is to whether or not the Second Amendment truly does grant the freedom of firearm ownership to common citizens. Jacobs (2002) states that the correlation between the two variables of homicides is not a new finding on grounds that gun-related homicides comprise of at least 60 % research paper on gun control of the total homicides committed in the United States. Descriptive statistics in a social research usually serve to summarize and describe data with quantities such as dissertation consultation costs percentage, proportion, mean, mode, mode and essays and research papers other descriptive statistical quantities. Since 1993 however the US has seen a steady drop in deaths due to firearm (The Lancet). Research studies and existing literature have laid more emphasis on the determining the relationship between gun control and crime rates in the United States, leaving a gap that requires the evaluation of the effectiveness of the gun control policies in meeting the objectives behind gun control. Any way you research paper about art look at it, guns are powerful tools, not only physically but socially. ” (Tulmulty) This statement shook the foundation of gun control as well as earning praise from pro gun advocates. This act requires a waiting period for the purchase of a handgun as well as background check system to ensure against the possession of guns by criminals. , 2003). The research findings will provide a framework term paper writing service paypal for agreement or refute of the already formulated hypothesis. It is certain that in our lifetime we will see significant changes in the current policy dealing with the possession of firearms. Gun control is awide concept that entails a diverse range of ideas including laws that prohibit the ownership of specific kinds of firearms and the addition of gun locks to each gun that has been sold. ” Clearly the issue over whether gun control laws hurt or help the people they are trying to protect will be met with endless debate. But in order to fully understand the issue it is important to first take a look at the current gun control laws that are now in effect. Perhaps to answer this question it would be important to look at some key statistics concerning handguns in our society. The two seem to go hand in hand with one another. The researcher can then decide which categories to use in the proportion of the study elements depending on the ease of access. The use of questionnaire is ideal since it facilitates the acquisition enormous amounts of data within a restricted period. Such laws are known as Dangerous Possessor Gun Control, which prohibits gun possession for anyone charged or convicted of a crime carrrying more than a one-year sentence (Stell). The research also established that there were relatively lesser correlation between ownership of guns and the total rates of homicidal crimes. The social approach deals with society and its citizens either working to help promote or to help prevent gun control laws. This research requires both the analysis of both qualitative and quantitative data that will be collected from the citizens and state departments regarding the effectiveness of gun control laws, with the data acquisition methods incorporating both primary and secondary sources. The answer is each side, political, social and criminal. This will be carried out using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews, which will be based on a one-on-one approach with the respondent. As citizens we must ask ourselves; do we really want gun control laws which are created to protect us, to take away our basic rights as citizens? Therefore, the paper can be used by the law enforcement agencies at the federal, state and local government as a framework through which responsive action can be formulated in order to effectively address the inefficiencies of the gun control policies in order to reduce gun related violence. Therefore, how does this elements of gun control interact to regulate the level of availability of guns to the public? As we all know laws are only enacted in this country through the vote of the people, therefore, society as a whole is a powerful force in the gun control debate. ” So do less guns actually mean less crime? Levitt, (2004) maintains that the effectiveness of gun control policies extends beyond their enactment to onclude the extent to which they are enforced. Levitt (2004) notes that research studies that have attempted to evaluate the impacts of gun control on the rates of crime are constrained by two significant problems. From the statistics it would appear so. This is especially true in the area of gun control. Inferential statistics on the other hand was used to generalize on the sample population; it will generally entail the use of statistical tests such as variance, chi-square, standard deviation and other statistical test variables. Gun control advocates say this is not enough, that although firearm related incidents have declined since its enactment tougher laws are needed or more acts of firearm violence will continue to plague the nation. 98 between homicides that are gun related and the total homicides. A significant flaw in the early research studies to assess the pros and cons of gun control is the failure to incorporate the pertinent variable for gun control. It is therefore important that the data collected should be as accurate as possible to facilitate the process of data analysis. It is the criminal aspects of gun control, which cause significant social strife and in turn political action. ” Clearly this debate still goes on today and is the very reason for the formation of gun control laws. The study could also reflect that increased rates of violence are likely to impose higher instances of gun ownership for the main purposes of self defense and any other individual independent cause (Kleck D. A similar study conducted by Killias Martin during 2001 established that there was a strong correlation that existed between the sum of the homicide rates that are related to guns among women and other assaults directed at women using guns. Though they vary from state to state there are some basic federal laws which are in affect nationwide. A casual effect can be deduced from the effectiveness of the gun conrol policies and the level of crime rates (Killias, 2001). ” But do stricter gun control laws ensure against gun related crime? On the contrary, while a significant number of studies that rely on state data have not reported a restraint impact associated with gun control, there is a failure to determine the efficacy of the gun control laws in imposing a deterrent impact on the accessibility, availability and ownership of guns, which is a principal area of focus for this current study. A significant body of research has been conducted in order to evaluate the relationhip that exists between gun ownership and crimes that are gun related (Levitt, 2004). This research is of significant value to the state, local and federal governments, and the various statutes that are implemented in response to the looming crisis of gun control in the United States. Social research aims at providing an explanation for current state of affairs using predetermined variables. Ruane (2005) defines questionnaire as “self-contained, self-administered tool for asking questions”. Guns play a role in everyone’s lives to some degree, whether it be your own personal possession of a hunting rifle or a pistol in the hands of a youth in your neighborhood. This implies that a social research should significantly rely on statistical data since it deploys a probabilistic approach to offer a rational explanation to the ways things are currently in the social context. Bivariate data analysis will also be deployed in analysis cases that will require the evaluation of the relationship between two variables, for example, the relationship that exists between gun control and gun related crimes (Fisher, 2007). The sampling approach that was employed was quota sampling and convenience sampling. Lott (2000) defines gun control as the strategies and efforts aimed at limiting the ownership, production, trading, shipping and use of guns and associated weapons by by private citizens. Studies to determine the effectiveness of gun control laws was conducted by Kwon et al (1997) with the principal objective of determining the efficacy of the gun control policies adopted by the various states. An inference that can be reached from this study is that availability of guns has the potential of imposing more violence. These are the questions many citizens and lawmakers are asking themselves when setting about to create gun control laws. Kristen Rand, legislative director of the Violence Policy Center says that, “Unrealistic scenarios in which criminals meekly surrender at the mere sight of a handgun shouldn’t be our guide. The real question here is, do gun control laws work? Perhaps to answer that it would be important to look at another side of the debate, that is, criminality associated with guns. It is arguably evident that these variables signify legislative acts that are discrete and have been enacted on different times by different administration (Kleck D. The net effect is that all three together are working to either prevent or promote the enactment of gun control laws, laws that have a significant impact to every person on every side of the debate. In his article “Gun Control and the Regulation of Fundamental Rights” author Lance Stell states that the “major controversy with gun control is to whether owning or the purchase of a gun is a significant ‘social cause’ of Americas homicide and suicide rate. Apparently these laws aren’t doing much good. Some of these include that no person convicted of a crime can own a gun, a person must be 21 or older to purchase a handgun and that “persons who engage in the business of buying or selling firearms must be licensed” (NRA). Besides, controlling for social factors during the studies implied that the gun control laws had a relatively less impact in reducing violent crimes. The typical murderer usually has a prior criminal history of at least 6 years with at least 4 felony arrests before he commits murder (Poe). Of course one of the main responsibilities of a government is to keep and protect the basic rights of its citizens as well as to make new laws that ensure their safety or well being. Do gun control laws help or hurt the people the citizens they are trying to protect? In addition, the primary data collected can be used to match against the secondary sources for accuracy purposes (Maxfield & Babbie, 2009). They can cause destruction, harm or even death. For the purpose of confirmation of the social theoretical models, this social research research paper about health will utilize both secondary and primary data sources. The partition can be based on different categories such as gender, age, lifestyle and ethnicity. The area of concern is whether the gun control laws are effective in restricting accesibility and ownership of guns by the public. Primary research involves the data acquisition based on first-hand information by the researcher (Fisher, 2007). The citizens, of course, are the very core of the issue, the social side of the debate. First, it is difficult to come up with variables that can be used to measure gun control and determining the practical complement to gun control. Besides taking the guns away from common citizens in order to supposedly ensure their safety, one of the other main purposes of the gun control laws is to ensure that guns do not reach the hands of criminals. In 1924, Presidential Candidate, Robert La Follete said, “our choice is not merely to support or oppose gun control but to decide who can own which guns under what conditions. As college students it is important to stay abreast of the current events and issues circulating our country today, one of which is the controversial issue of gun control. And if so do laws placing restrictions on firearm ownership and use stop the crime or protect the citizens? The data collected during the research will entail both qualitative and quantitative data. Therefore, a deductive approach was used because the research study commences with a research hypothesis and terminates with empirical measurement, analysis and evaluation of research findings. A further classification was based on gender and the social statuses of the citizens of New Jersey. The studies have reported different findings leaving a significant void that requires to effectively determine the factors that lead to the crimes committed under gun-ownership. Studies conducted during the 1970s and 1980s that took into consideration control for social and economic measures established that there is evidence to conclude that gun control is effective in the reduction of the rates of violent crimes. In this nation, where nearly half of all US households own at least one research paper on gun control gun, nearly 30,000 people die from a gunshot each year (Dahl). This leaves the gap that requires the evaluation of the effectivenss of the gun control laws in limiting availability and ownership of guns by the public. Fatal firearms accidents have declined as well, nearly 40 percent in the last decade, and are now at the lowest levels ever recorded (Poe). The various ways of gathering primary data that were used during the research include questionnaires and interviews. Recent studies have established that gun ownership exhibits a strong correlation with gun related homicides and not the extent of the strictness of the gun control laws. Dichotomous questions are designed to collect the fundamental data from respondents such as Male or Female, age and other basic personal information (Maxwell, 1996). So why the sudden drop? The effects of gun control laws have been extensive and far-reaching though they don’t altogether deter people from acquiring a firearm. Recently, the stand on the issue held for nearly 70 years that the amendment granted these rights to only militia was challenged by Attorney General John Ashcroft. So why is gun control such a hot debate? Graves Sr, editor of Black Enterprise, who seeks a solution to the problem by paying closer attention to the youth as well as taking a “serious stand in favor of the passage and enforcement of gun control laws. The Brady Handgun Control Act made it increasingly more difficult and trying process to purchase and own a gun. This left a void regarding the possibility of substitution effects, and that the research represents a correlation and not a case of casulity. There are many groups behind the issue even those of racial affiliation such as the black community. In an ideal society where the gun control laws are observed, it can be argued that less availability and ownership of guns translates to reduced crime rates. They can be used to defend and protect or to threaten and kill. The overall purpose of this study is to determine whether gun control is based on availability. Dichotomous questions will save time required for the respondents to answer the questions. Citizens are greatly affected by the laws enacted by the government and it is hoped that they are working in the best interest of its citizens. Ommited variables are likely to ompose misguided conclusions on the relationship that exists between gun control, availability and gun-related violent crimes. This twin relationship between gun control and rates of crime makes it difficult to ascertain the effectiveness of the gun control policies in restricting access to guns by the public (Kleck, 2003b). Monroe (2008) notes that this research has significant flaws including the ommission of variables, interpretation of the findings and errors relating to the specification of models. We must all think carefully. Lee (2002) argues that crime rates witnessed during the early 1990s could have triggered the adoption of more strict gun control policies and laws, which in turn could have played a significant role in reducing the crime rates during the later 1990s. This is because the data collected was in form of questionnaires and interviews, which are both quantitative and qualitative respectively. The studies used regression analysis, observation of state data and a vactor analysis of the social and economic variables to conclude that gun control policies do not impose significant influences in reducing the rates of violent crime that extends beyond the crimes that can be associated to social and economic conditions (Squires, 2000). The debate over gun control, however, is nothing new. In Canada and England where there is a virtual ban on guns the burglary rate involving guns (known as a “hot burglary) is nearly 50 percent compared to 13 percent in America (Poe). Guns are extremely powerful weapons. The directions they take not only affect our nation and society but our future as well as we all move to communities and begin to raise families. The quotas that were chosen for this research were categorised into three distinct groups: ≤ 30, 31-40, and ≥ 41. According to the study, 3 deaths out of 100000 populations are evaded when the kinds of firearms included in the study are deployed. It is important that we pay close attention to this debate seeing as how it will have a great impact on our lives. Kwon et al (1997) concludes that gun control policies have a little influence in reducing the rates of gun related homicides although the evidence gathered during the study is weak. It is clear from the number of groups involved that the debate over gun control will not soon fade. Quota sampling refers to a situation research paper on gun control whereby the researcher chooses a proportion of the elements that was investigated during do a resume online the study. Data analysis is an essential phase in social research because they are used to infer conclusions. An interesting finding of the study is that there were no significant correlations with regard to the sum of the homicide rates observed during the study (Jacobs, 2002). This research aims at collecting approximately 100 questionnaires the respondents within the state of New Jersey. , 2003). There are a number of laws both at the federal and the state level restricting the sale, purchase and use of guns. Jacobs (2002) notes that gun control laws usually regulate the kinds of firearms that can be bought and offer criteria for individuals who desire to own a gun and provide guidelines regarding the storage and use of guns. The government is where the critical laws are made concerning gun control, which in turn effect the entire country, and therefore is important to look at as a key player in the debate. Qualitative approach on the other hand utilizes analysis and evaluation of qualitative data through interviews and observation to reach a conclusion. Does enacting these laws take away our fundamental rights as citizens? The study offers a framework through which proactive actions can be implemented in order to address the pertinent issues revolving gun availability in the United States. This is an important question to everyone involved in the issue, and extremely important to society as a whole. The political approach on gun control deals with the issue of laws and political organizations that surround the debate. Data consists of two types: primary data that is collected by the researcher and secondary data that has been collected by other researchers (Ritchie & Lewis, 2003). In the early 1990’s the number of people killed or wounded by firearms soared. From this alone it is no wonder gun control is such an important issue, however as bad as this may seem, the number of firearm related incidents have decreased over the years. Gun control in the United States is a contentious subject that has diverse viewpoints regarding its effectiveness in reducing the rates of violent crime. Of course gun control advocates may disagree with the notion that putting guns back into the hands of citizens would halt the majority of crimes. Quantitative approach entails the compilation and breakdown of experimental data and statistics to result to infer a conclusion; it involves collecting data through investigative units such as questionnaires. This implies that both inferential and descriptive statistics was used to arrive at the conclusion (Maxfield & Babbie, 2009).