Essay on drug addiction

Publicado em Agosto 2017

 ... Company Registration No: 4964706. Mothers of young children in particular have great difficulty providing for their children. VAT Registration No: 842417633. While DSM has been described as a "Bible" for the field, it is, at best, essay on drug addiction a dictionary, creating a set of labels and defining each. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Hence, it can affect anyone. Drug addiction not only affects the individual who is addicted to the drug, but it also affects the families of that individual, as well as the society at large. Copyright © 2003 - 2017 - UK Essays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, research paper for students a company registered in England and Wales. This cue attraction is another signature feature of incentive salience ... Moreover, the drug addict may not also be able to function well at the workplace, resulting in a demotion or even the loss of a job. Teens are heavily effect because the drugs they use and continuous use of it can even have an impact in the life of the teens. Furthermore by condemning an addict to the vicious self-continuing cycle that is fueled by addiction, the burden on the economy and the community increase considerably. The main target of the heroin is the brain. ” This could not be further from the truth as the majority of drug related offenders are not inherently bad people rather they are people that have been driven to do terrible things by their dependence on harmful substances. Hope is possible and families can be restored. As we grew up, I still maintained this level of admiration towards her even though she was far from perfect. My story is of my big sister. At jobs these particular teens will also be have a hard time being trusted by the people around them. These numbers can decrease drastically if treatment were given during their time incarcerated. The reward pathway, known as the mesolimbic pathway, or its extension, the mesocorticolimbic pathway, is characterized by the interaction of several areas of the brain. Read more on the following topics: argumentative essay, compare and contrast essay and narrative essay writing help. Regulations and certain institutions prohibit hope from ever being seen as a possibility. If they are guilty of using drugs they will potentially be put in an academic suspension and also expelled from the college campus. The shell of the NAc appears to be particularly important to initial drug actions within reward circuitry; essay on drug addiction addictive drugs appear to have a greater effect on dopamine release in the shell than in the core of the NAc. Four years ago, my family and I began a fight with addiction that we will be struggling with for the rest of our lives. Addiction has plagued the society and it is one of the causes of societal breakdown. GABAA receptor subunit genes are among those that are controlled by this feedback loop. The strong correlation between chronic drug exposure and ΔFosB provides novel opportunities for targeted therapies in addiction (118), and suggests methods to analyze their efficacy (119). Teens future plans and career will be effect big time because of drugs. Recovery is possible and my family’s story is one that proves just that.  ... A pioneering study revealing both positive and negative modulatory effects of beta-arrestin2 on THC tolerance. Over the next few years, it was much of the same. This involves making parents and young people aware of places close to home that may be housing drug dealers, counseling, education, and guidance on how one can recover from drug addiction. One of the more common drugs that is inclined towards misuse is heroin. , 2013). Two recognizable features of incentive salience are often visible that can be used in neuroscience experiments: (i) UCS-directed ‘wanting’ – CS-triggered pulses of intensified ‘wanting’ for the UCS reward; and (ii) CS-directed ‘wanting’ – motivated attraction to the Pavlovian cue, which makes the arbitrary CS stimulus into a motivational magnet. This compulsion to experience emotion forces the drug use to be out of the control of the user. The drug can influence the teens education life, essay on drug addiction also it can have a serious effect on the health of the teen, and finally because of those two reasons it will impact their career for the future. Epigenetic mechanisms represent the key components by which the environment can influence genetics, and they provide the missing link between genetic heritability and environmental influences on the behavioral and physiological phenotypes of the offspring. It is used to manage the pain experienced by patients who have terminal illnesses, such as cancer. The evidence presented here demonstrates that rapid environmental adaptation occurs following exposure to a number of stimuli. If abused, a person will have a high possibility of having hepatitis, HIV and AIDS, among many infectious diseases. ΔFosB is an essential transcription factor implicated in the molecular and behavioral pathways of addiction following repeated drug exposure.  ... Dopamine neurons in the VTA are activated by food and water, and dopamine release in the NAc is stimulated by the presence of natural reinforcers, such as food, water, or a sexual partner. We were shocked, confused and hurt. Some of these proposed interventions have limitations (125) or are in their infancy (75). With extremely high levels of addiction, it is pertinent that measures be taken to prohibit these families from being broken any longer. Today, many drugs are manufactured to serve as pain killers and as many strong analgesics are susceptible to, it is open for abuse. Com is a custom essay writing company. Euphoria is coupled with a feeling of dry mouth, warm skin and unclear mental functioning. In conditions in which prepotent responses tend to dominate behavior, such as in drug addiction, where drug cues can elicit drug seeking (Chapter 15), or in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; described below), significant negative consequences can result. , movie theater, restaurants, etc. In humans, non-drug rewards delivered in a contingency management (CM) format successfully reduced drug dependence ... As it is a regulated drug in many countries worldwide, the government and other organizations take active participation in supporting withdrawal programs. Com. She had a job, a car, her own home and the most beautiful child a person could ask for. , 2012a). Rather it sets a precedent of punishment rather than rehabilitation. Unlike our definitions dj myke homework of ischemic heart disease, lymphoma, or AIDS, the DSM diagnoses are based on a consensus about clusters of clinical symptoms, not any objective laboratory measure. One of the most destructive types of addiction is the addiction towards controlled substances or recreational drugs. We ended up kicking her out of our house.  ...  ... This is the result of key changes in the brain. It is characterized by the development of tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Once an individual begins experiencing these symptoms, those close to him, especially family members, also begin to be negatively affected since they find it difficult to relate to the individual in the same way as they used to before the individual became addicted to the drugs. With years of anger and resentment towards her, my family and I had enough. In recent decades, drug addiction has emerged as one of the major problems facing society. In study conducted in 1997, it was found that 70 percent of state and 57 percent of federal prisoners used drugs regularly, prior to incarceration (1). Once that happen the drugs will start being used more often causing the teen to start performance poorly at work. Addicts become slaves to their drug. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. As previously mentioned, the activity of dopaminergic neurons in the VTA appears to be linked to reward prediction. Like in most cases the user of the drug will lose interest in their work and building their career. Also in college because of drugs teens will lose the opportunity to get a degree that will give them a better career. Effects on the pulmonary function are also common as it can cause pneumonia. The management does dissertation company this to make sure that the teen has a clean record and they are educated; because the management don't want someone with bad record at job and doesn't know what they doing.  ... These children easily fall victim to influences outside the home, and too often those influences involve illegal drugs. The formation of ΔFosB in multiple brain regions, and the molecular pathway leading to the formation of AP-1 complexes is well understood. We continued on with life as normal as we could. She hit a low-point that she had never reached before. Thus, chronic cocaine, or prolonged HDAC inhibition, induces several GABAA receptor subunits in NAc, which is associated with increased frequency of inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs). New frontiers of research investigating the molecular roles of ΔFosB have been opened by epigenetic studies, and recent advances have illustrated the role of ΔFosB acting on DNA and histones, truly as a ‘‘molecular switch’’ (34). Subjects with ADHD exhibit less activation of the medial prefrontal cortex than healthy controls even when they succeed in such tasks and utilize different circuits. The problem of drug addiction may be growing, but there are several ways of tackling the problem from a social context. My sister allowed her other two children to stay write academic paper with my parents, realizing that she was unable to do so. Then, the writer can follow with the effects of the illness, as well as what causes it and possible treatments. Over the past two decades, research has progressed from identifying ΔFosB induction to investigating its subsequent action (38). However what society, and the American government needs is legislators who are not afraid to try new methods that have been backed by experts instead of embracing an effectively broken system for convenience. Often, these marriages include children. Differences between wanting and liking are confirmed in reports by human addicts, who state that their desire for drugs (wanting) increases with continued use even when pleasure (liking) decreases because of tolerance. Internally, an individual will surely develop heart lining and valve infection, collapsed veins, liver diseases and kidney disease. When teens are caught using marijuana or any drug it will be put in as a criminal record in their background. To help you come up with how to write your heroin essay, ProfEssays. Many legislators fear promoting treatment options for drug-offenders rather than penalization would appear “soft on crime. Furthermore, lowering recidivism rates not only helps the individual, but will also measurably help the community economically. If teens are caught using drug at work, they will get fired from their job making it harder for them to be financially stable. The drug addiction causes the individual to develop feelings of frustration and anger, inadequacy, and emotional insecurity. Race, gender, location, social status and age do not limit its scope. In striking contrast, combined exposure to cocaine and HDAC inhibition, which triggers the induction of G9a and increased global levels of H3K9me2, leads to blockade of GABAA receptor and IPSC regulation. To be unnecessarily harsh on them does nothing for the community, the addict, or those they have wronged. Users of heroin feel a state of euphoria once it is ingested. In some cases, withdrawal can even become fatal for individuals who have poor health. G. You simply place essay on drug addiction an order with the writing instructions you have been given, and before you know it, your essay or term paper, completely finished and unique, will be completed and sent back to you. Society effectively declares the addict as a lost cause by treating them as such rather than giving them the proper chance at renewal. Addict’s overuse their dopamine pathways, which compel them to use more drugs in order to supplement basic emotions. These findings are especially troubling when one considers that rates of drug use have increased considerably in more recent years. In the rest of medicine, this would be equivalent to creating diagnostic systems based on the nature of chest pain or the quality of fever. The use of drug can lead to a teen future career being put into a jeopardy position, because of the bad influence from the drug. This can cause problems both at work and at home. Com! Drug addiction essentially refers to a condition in which one is physically dependent on a drug. There are many factors that are thought to greatly contribute to drug addiction. The prefrontal cortex receives inputs not only from other cortical regions, including association cortex, but also, via the thalamus, inputs from subcortical structures subserving emotion and motivation, such as the amygdala (Chapter 14) and ventral striatum (or nucleus accumbens; Chapter 15). Once a drug abuse is in the record it can make it hard for teens to find a job or get into a college. Moreover, many of these molecular changes identified are now directly linked to the structural, physiological and behavioral changes observed following chronic drug exposure (60,95,97,102). Heroin dependence has become a common result of its use since it is estimated that almost 1 out of 4 individuals who have tried it resorted to addiction. The NAc is involved in learning associated with reinforcement and the modulation of motoric responses to stimuli that satisfy internal homeostatic needs. Aside from their impressive qualifications, another assurance that you can get from us is the originality of you academic paper as we even have a software that allows us to identify any forms of plagiarism. According to the DEA, providing treatment drug-offenders can reduce the recidivism rates to about 20 percent (4). When a Pavlovian CS+ is attributed with incentive salience it not only triggers ‘wanting’ for its UCS, but often the cue itself becomes highly attractive – even to an irrational degree. She is the person that, as a child, I followed around, annoyed, fought with, and simply adored. The economic cost to society is greater than the cost of diabetes and all cancers combined. To quell the demands of their constituents law makers often choose to take the easy way out, with the most popular acceptance by the public. It was also found that “for every dollar spent, the programs save $2 to $6 by reducing the costs of re-incarceration” (4). Their dependence on the drug would cause them to experience essay writing services online pain once they have begun to stop using it. G9a appears to be a critical control point for epigenetic regulation in NAc, as we know it functions in two negative feedback loops. In order for a teen to obtain a decent career or job a background check is required in every position they apply and also most of the times some kind of a degree will be asked. Their drugs become their primary source of pleasure. Our writers are exceptionally academic – having earned their PhDs and master’s degree in their respective essay writing website fields of expertise. Among these is the ever changing structure and functions of the family. The American legal system takes a “holier than thou” approach to addicts when they should be treated as equals that suffer from a horrible disease. At ProfEssays. However, this is not to imply that the essay should not be written without care. This substance’s appearance can be in the form of a brown or white powder or black sticky material. In the United Kingdom, there was a time that heroin is the preferred analgesic over morphine. We essay on drug addiction went on vacation soon after, kids in tow, and tried to be as normal as possible realizing the potential disaster that might face us upon return. ) directly reinforces drug abstinence, provides competing reinforcers, enriches the environment, and it is a robust treatment across a broad range of abused drugs (189). The strength of each of the editions of DSM has been "reliability" – each edition has ensured that clinicians use the same terms in the same ways. Recidivism rates for drug offenders grew from 50 percent to 66 percent in a ten year span (6). With the last pregnancy, however, things with my sister were different. An informal essay might begin with a definition of a specified topic, such as drug addiction, so the reader will know exactly what is being explored in the essay. When one considers that the American criminal justice system spends about $74 billion dollars per year on incarceration (7), it becomes obvious that efforts to promote treatment would be exponentially beneficial to the American economy. We extend assistance to all our clients, regardless of their requirements. As a consequence of our improved understanding of ΔFosB in addiction, it is possible to evaluate the addictive potential of current medications (119), as well write me a report as use it as a biomarker for assessing the efficacy of therapeutic interventions (121,122,124). Heroin that are available on the street, or manufactured for the mere purpose of sustaining addiction, can also contain contaminants that can prove to be toxic to vital organs, causing its permanent damage. Additionally, when an individual who is addicted to drugs does not get access to the desired drugs, he begins to suffer from uncontrollable and painful convulsions, depression, vomiting, headaches, and many other maladies. Since this is an informal essay, one does not have to write it like a formal essay which has a defined format and facts or information gleaned from credible sources. Their lifestyle pressures them to engage in criminal behavior, other than just drug use – such as theft, larceny, and assault – to continue support of their addiction.  ... Look no further than ProfEssays. It is a cycle no one can ever get used to. We did not understand essay on drug addiction what was going on, how she could do this and how we did not even know it was a problem. Teens in college mainly use alcohol for pleasure and because of that it comes with consequence. ADHD can be conceptualized as a disorder of executive function; specifically, ADHD is characterized by reduced ability to exert and maintain cognitive control of behavior. The adverse effects of this drug are generally concomitant to bodily disintegration.  ... In the DSM-5, the term addiction is synonymous with the classification of severe substance-use disorder. To initially help you create ideas for your essay topic on your heroin essay, you might want to go over the list of medications on heroin addiction, as enlisted below: Aside from considering medication options for heroin addiction, there remain other possibilities for you to explore when writing your heroin essay. The individual who is addicted to the drug often realizes that he cannot function well without the drug. It is likely that ΔFosB research will now progress into a new era – the essay on drug addiction use of ΔFosB as a biomarker. It is important to understand what addiction is and how it affects the addict in order to know why treatment is so important in order to end the vicious addiction cycle. Since drug tolerance increases because of regular use, heroin users would require increased doses of heroin in subsequent use to attain the same bodily response. Com, we have over 500 highly educated, professional writers standing by waiting to help you with any writing needs you may have! This contest hardens the heart and rips families apart. , 2010; Sun et al. Without necessary treatment upon their first arrest, more often than not, their addiction is going to lead them in the same direction that they were headed before initial contact with the criminal justice system. The NAc and VTA are central components of the circuitry underlying reward and memory of reward. According to a research" About 1 in 4 college students report academic consequences from drinking, including missing class, falling behind in class, doing poorly on exams or papers, and receiving lower grades overall". ProfEssays. They often work more than one job, leaving their children unchaperoned. We understand students have plenty on their plates, which is why we love to help them out. It sends those afflicted into a bottomless pit with no glimpse of hope. The weakness is its lack of validity. Many individuals succumb to such addictive substances, causing their mental, physical and social faculties to disintegrate relative to their consumption. We provide solution for all your the crucible essay prompts academic paper requirements and over the years, we have constantly proven our expertise with our vast amount of satisfied customers. The establishment of a functional purpose for ΔFosB has allowed further determination as to some of the key aspects of its molecular cascades, involving effectors such as GluR2 (87,88), Cdk5 (93) and NFkB (100). This can lead essay on drug addiction a student to perform poor and disrupt in their pursue to a higher degree on the career path they are studying. Another way of becoming addicted to drugs involves trying to relieve feelings of stress, whether from the workplace or from the home environment. Compared with healthy individuals, those with ADHD have diminished ability to suppress inappropriate prepotent responses to stimuli (impaired response inhibition) and diminished ability to inhibit responses to irrelevant stimuli (impaired interference suppression).  ... Family members, teachers, peers, councilors, churches, and other influential groups can play an active role. She did what she needed to get by and supported the child that she had right out of high school. Understanding the pathways in which drugs act and how drugs can alter those pathways is key when examining the biological basis of drug addiction. However, it is hoped that some of these preliminary findings may lead to innovative treatments, which are much needed in addiction. Looking for an exceptional company to do some custom writing for you? Risky substance use and untreated addiction account for one-third of inpatient hospital costs and 20 percent of all deaths in the United States each year, and cause or contribute to more than 100 other conditions requiring medical care, as well as vehicular crashes, other fatal and non-fatal injuries, overdose deaths, suicides, homicides, domestic discord, the highest incarceration rate in the world and many other costly social consequences. One important change is with the brain’s dopamine system. Heroin is a drug that is originally manufactured and prescribed to control pain. When people arrested for drug use are denied treatment for their disease, their likelihood of recidivism upon release from jail, increase greatly. About two years into this life we thought was going so well, we found out about her drug addiction. While this may appear to be incredibly expensive initially, long term benefits are vast economically, and more importantly, socially. It opposes the induction of ΔFosB, a long-lasting transcription factor important for drug addiction (Robison and Nestler, 2011), while ΔFosB in turn suppresses G9a expression (Maze et al. She was so cool. Also, G9a is induced in NAc upon prolonged HDAC inhibition, which explains the paradoxical attenuation of cocaine's behavioral effects seen under these conditions, as noted above (Kennedy et al. The effect of poor performance will also lead to fire and if the teen was to try work at another place the previous management will tell about that individual work ethic. Her experience in jail, although short, made me think about the care she was not given during her time there and the dangers she faced coming down from the drugs she was on. Withdrawal symptoms at its worst can be death; therefore, this is something one does not typically do on their own (5). She got pregnant again, went to rehab, completed treatment, relapsed, repeat. The brain reward circuitry that is targeted by addictive drugs normally mediates the pleasure and strengthening of behaviors associated with natural reinforcers, such as food, water, and sexual contact. Let us do the work for you, so you have time to do what you want to do! Through my families’ fight, however, I have seen that this struggle does not need to be so disheartening. These diverse inputs and back projections to both cortical and subcortical structures put the prefrontal cortex in a position to exert what is often called "top-down" control or cognitive control of behavior. By demonstrating that tolerance to antinociception is reduced whereas tolerance to catalepsy is enhanced in beta-arrestin2 knockout mice, authors suggest that development of cannabinoid agonists that do me essay minimize interactions between CB1Rs and beta-arrestin2 might produce improved cannabinoid analgesics with reduced motor suppression, and be therapeutically beneficial. When it enters the brain, blood pressure, arousal and breathing are immediately affected. Given the circumstances, she was faring well. Addiction is defined as, “a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the addicted individual and to those around him or her” (2). If you have run out of ideas, then why not consider seeking the assistance of our professional writers here at ProfEssays. Early results with structural MRI show thinning of the cerebral cortex in ADHD subjects compared with age-matched controls in prefrontal cortex and posterior parietal cortex, areas involved in working memory and attention. Com has enlisted varied treatment options that are currently being recommended by various medial practitioners. When an individual begins to develop tolerance of a drug, the individual will realize that he or she needs more of the drug to achieve a desired level of pleasure or satisfaction. In general, CM programs promote drug abstinence through a combination of positive reinforcement for drug-free urine samples. Additionally, unscrupulous individuals looking for an easy way to make money will traffic in illegal drugs, hooking anybody they can into taking small amounts without charge and then waiting for them to become hooked so that the drug dealers can charge them significant amounts of money. My family has had the privilege of finding this hope, but for many people and their families afflicted with the disease of addiction, they do not have such a blessing. Heroin is ingested in three ways: it can be injected, smoked or sniffed. For instance, voucher-based reinforcement therapy in which medication compliance, therapy session attendance, and negative drug screenings reinforced with vouchers to local business (e. Functional neuroimaging in humans demonstrates activation of the prefrontal cortex and caudate nucleus (part of the striatum) in tasks that demand inhibitory control of behavior. If motivational drive is described in terms of wanting, and hedonic evaluation in terms of liking, it appears that wanting can be dissociated from liking and that dopamine may influence these phenomena differently.  ... Despite these startling statistics on the prevalence and costs of addiction, few physicians have been trained to prevent or treat it. Each time something new happened, it was just as painful as the first. Addiction: A term used to indicate the most severe, chronic stage of substance-use disorder, in which there is a substantial loss of self-control, as indicated by compulsive drug taking despite the desire to stop taking the drug. My sister had gotten arrested during her time away from us, was moving from place to place and in really bad shape. Addiction is a universal phenomenon. Withdrawal from heroin, however, does not come easy for those individuals who would want to commit in it. Fifty percent of marriages end in divorce.